Volume 2 Issue 2
Transorbital Occult Penetrating Injury with Orbitorrhoea and Cerebral Abscess Complications
T Vinay Bhushanam*, Vijayasaradhi, Kalyan Bommakanti
Transorbital penetrating injuries with break in the skull base causing CSF orbitorrhoea is an uncommon mechanism of head injury. These injuries may be unnoticed or undertreated due to CSF may be mistaken as tears from eye. Few patients develop further complications as cerebral abscess and with increased risk of forming abscess if there is associated brain injury.
A Review Article on Neuropathic Pain
Timothy Allen, MD, Ph.D, Giridhar M.N.V, MD,MBA*, Ghazaleh Shoja E Razavi MD*
Neuropathic pain is a pathological pain, caused due to damaged nerves, as a result of an injury on the somatosensory system. Its effect is mainly on the outside of the brain and spinal cord. Therefore, it is mainly considered as “ peripheral neuropathy pain”, which has yearly impacted, over 20 million Americans. A nerve fiber injury, does effect the functionality of the nerve at the site of damage or around the injury. Its prevalence depends on the type of neuropathy; but in the general population; it is counted around 7-8%. The etiology of neuropathic pain is complex and varied in different cases.
Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis and PET-MRI
Tiffany Fisher*, Bradley Vaughn, Arif Sheikh, Hae Won Shin
Recent recognition of specific clinical presentations and autoimmune attack of the central nervous system has furthered our understanding of the previously mysterious mixture of psychiatric and neurological symptoms where diagnosis was delayed. Patients with anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate (anti-NMDA) encephalitis typically present with prominent psychological behaviors such as hallucinations, hyper-religiosity, aggression, catatonia, and insomnia in addition to characteristic neurological features including seizures, autonomic instability, hypoventilation and movement disorders.